Book Your Trip

  
You have (0) items in
your Itinerary

Upcoming Events

|

15th Annual Satchmo…

Aug 1 - 2, 2015
Celebrate our native son, Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong, at this free… more

Anthony Bean…

Aug 1 - 2, 2015
Experience over 80 youth giving an electrifying performance in tribute to the… more

Author to Reader Con…

Aug 1 - 1, 2015
Join us for  a FREE to the public book signing with 80+ authors. Parking… more

COOLinary New Orleans…

Aug 1 - 31, 2015
It is going to be a delicious summer!  During the month of August, enjoy… more

Hemispheres Cup -…

Aug 1 - 1, 2015
Two of the best rugby clubs in the world, the Saracens from England and the… more

Louisiana SPCA’s…

Aug 1 - 31, 2015
In memory of the 10th anniversary of Hurricane Katrina, the Louisiana SPCA is… more

New Orleans Museum of…

Aug 1 - Sep 7, 2015
Ten Years Gone brings together six artists whose work engages with the broad… more

Saturday Farmers…

Aug 1 - Dec 26, 2015
We are excited to announce the Saturday Farmers Market at the French Market!… more

The Historic New…

Aug 1 - 2, 2015
One of the premier decorative arts events in the country, the four-day program… more

The Sweat Social…

Aug 1 - Dec 20, 2015
Designed for wellness travelers visiting New Orleans, the Sweat Social offers… more

Whitney White Linen…

Aug 1 - 1, 2015
Drape yourself in cool, white linen and join 16,000 art aficionados in the Arts… more

Ashe Cultural Arts…

Aug 2 - Oct 4, 2015
Join us for Ashe to Amen: the Enduring Spirituality of People of African… more

Ashe Cultural Arts…

Aug 2 - Oct 4, 2015
Join us for Ashe to Amen: the Enduring Spirituality of People of African… more

Ashe Cultural Arts…

Aug 2 - 2, 2015
Join us for the opening reception for Ashe to Amen: the Enduring Spirituality… more

Off-site Pet…

Aug 2 - 2, 2015
Off-site Pet Adoption, sponsored by the Louisiana SPCA, will be held in the… more

American Recovery…

Aug 6 - 8, 2015
The American Recovery Association (ARA) and Harding Brooks Associates, LLC… more

Langlois Girls Night…

Aug 6 - Sep 3, 2015
Bring your friends to Langlois on Thursdays or Fridays this summer for girls'… more

Yappy Hour in the…

Aug 6 - 27, 2015
Join us for  Yappy Hour in the Courtyard at Rare Form, to benefit the… more

Chef's Taste Challenge

Aug 7 - 7, 2015
The Farm to Table Chefs Taste Challenge (CTC), scheduled for August 7, 2015 at… more

Dirty Linen Night

Aug 8 - 8, 2015
Not to be outdone by White Linen Night, Royal Street merchants decided to… more

15th Annual Satchmo…

Aug 1 - 2, 2015
Celebrate our native son, Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong, at this free… more

Architecture & Culture

Bayou St. John

Architectural Vignettes

New Orleans, with its richly mottled old buildings, its sly, sophisticated - sometimes almost disreputable - air, and its Hispanic-Gallic traditions, has more the flavor of an old European capital than an American city. Townhouses in the French Quarter, with their courtyards and carriageways, are thought by some scholars to be related on a small scale to certain Parisian "hotels" - princely urban residences of the 17th and 18th centuries. Visitors particularly remember the decorative cast-iron balconies that cover many of these townhouses like ornamental filigree cages.

European influence is also seen in the city's famous above-ground cemeteries. The practice of interring people in large, richly adorned aboveground tombs dates from the period when New Orleans was under Spanish rule. These hugely popular "cities of the dead" have been and continue to be an item of great interest to visitors. Mark Twain, noting that New Orleanians did not have conventional below-ground burials, quipped that "few of the living complain and none of the other."

French Quarter Balcony

One of the truly amazing aspects of New Orleans architecture is the sheer number of historic homes and buildings per square mile. Orleanians never seem to replace anything. Consider this: Uptown, the City's largest historic district, has almost 11,000 buildings, 82 percent of which were built before 1935 - truly a "time warp."

The spine of Uptown, and much of New Orleans, is the city's grand residential showcase, St. Charles Avenue, which the novel A Confederacy of Dunces aptly describes: "The ancient oaks of St. Charles Avenue arched over the avenue like a canopy...St. Charles Avenue must be the loveliest place in the world. From time to time...passed the slowing rocking streetcars that seemed to be leisurely moving toward no special designations, following their route through the old mansions on either side...everything looked so calm, so prosperous."

The streetcars in question, the St. Charles Avenue line, represent the nation's only surviving historic streetcar system. All of its electric cars were manufactured by the Perley Thomas Company between 1922 and 1924 and are still in use. Hurricane Katrina flood waters caused severe damage to the steel tracks along the entire uptown and Carrollton route and had to be totally replaced and re-electrified. The cars themselves survived and are included in the National Register of Historic Places. New Orleanians revere them as a national treasure.

Unique Housing for a Unique City 

Creole cottages and shotgun houses dominate the scene in many New Orleans neighborhoods. Both have a murky ancestry. The Creole cottage, two rooms wide and two or more deep under a generous pitched roof with a front overhang or gallery, is thought to have evolved from various European and Caribbean forms.

The shotgun house is one room wide and two, three or four rooms deep, under a continuous gable roof. As legend has it, the name was suggested by the fact that because the rooms and doors line up, one can fire a shotgun through the house without hitting anything.

French Quarter Balcony 2 250x250

Some scholars have suggested that shotguns evolved from ancient African "long-houses," built here by refugees from the Haitian Revolution, but no one really knows.

It is true that shotguns represent a distinctively Southern house type. They are also found in the form of plantation quarters houses. Unlike shotgun houses in much of the South, which are fairly plain, New Orleans shotguns fairly bristle with Victorian jigsaw ornament, especially prominent, florid brackets. Indeed, in many ways, New Orleans shotguns are as much a signature of the city as the French Quarter.

New Orleans' architectural character is unlike that of any other American city. A delight to both natives and visitors, it presents such a variety that even after many years of study, one can still find things unique and undiscovered.

This material may be reproduced for editorial purposes of promoting New Orleans. Please attribute stories to New Orleans Metropolitan Convention and Visitors Bureau. 2020 St. Charles Avenue, New Orleans, LA 70130 504-566-5019. http://www.neworleanscvb.com/.