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"Mysterious…

Oct 25 - 25, 2014
You are invited to the Mysterious Wisterias Plantation for an evening of music… more

"Prospect.3: Notes…

Oct 25, 2014 - Jan 25, 2015
Prospect New Orleans, the International Contemporary Art Biennial,  will… more

"Prospect.3: Notes…

Oct 25 - 25, 2014
Join us for St. Claude Arts District Block Party. more

"Prospect.3: Notes…

Oct 25 - 25, 2014
Join us for the Prospect 3 Ribbon Cutting and Second Line at Washington Square… more

31st Annual Halloween…

Oct 25 - 26, 2014
Join us for the 31st annual Halloween New Orleans, a weekend-long LGBT… more

Annual Susan G. Komen…

Oct 25 - 25, 2014
Help Fight Breast Cancer! The Susan G. Komen Race for the Cure® Series… more

BARKtoberfest Canine…

Oct 25 - 25, 2014
BARKtoberfest Canine Costume Contest & Trick or Treating (for dogs &… more

Bayou Segnette State…

Oct 25 - 25, 2014
Bring your little ghouls and goblins out for trick or treating in Bayou… more

Boo at the Zoo…

Oct 25 - 25, 2014
Bring your little ghosts and goblins to Boo at the Zoo Presented by Bryan… more

Brews and Brats on…

Oct 25 - 25, 2014
In the spirit of Oktoberfest, The Outlet Collection at Riverwalk is treating… more

Dillard University…

Oct 25 - 25, 2014
In collaboration with the 7th Ward Neighborhood Association, The Ray Charles… more

Feral Cat TNR...The…

Oct 25 - 25, 2014
Feral Cat TNR...The Basics and Beyond Workshop, sponsored by the LA/SPCA. A… more

Feral Cat TNR…The…

Oct 25 - 25, 2014
Feral Cat TNR...The Basics and Beyond Workshop, sponsored by the LA/SPCA will… more

Friends of the…

Oct 25 - 31, 2014
Friends of the Cabildo, support organization for the Louisiana State Museum,… more

Ghosts in the Oaks

Oct 25 - 25, 2014
This family friendly event takes place in the Carousel Gardens Amusement Park… more

Gray Line New Orleans…

Oct 25 - 26, 2014
The Historic San Francisco Plantation in Garyville, LA will host the annual… more

Greater Baton Rouge…

Oct 25 - Nov 2, 2014
Carnival rides, food, music, kids' activities, animal shows, games, exhibits. more

Halloween Tea

Oct 25 - 26, 2014
To celebrate Halloween, Le Salon will offer a variety of teas, scones, … more

JPAS Presents Waiting…

Oct 25 - 26, 2014
JPAS presents the hit musical comedy all about working in the service industry,… more

King James and the…

Oct 25 - 25, 2014
If you go to BJ's Lounge on a Monday night you'll find Jimmy Horn performing… more

"Mysterious…

Oct 25 - 25, 2014
You are invited to the Mysterious Wisterias Plantation for an evening of music… more

Architecture & Culture

Bayou St. John

Architectural Vignettes

New Orleans, with its richly mottled old buildings, its sly, sophisticated - sometimes almost disreputable - air, and its Hispanic-Gallic traditions, has more the flavor of an old European capital than an American city. Townhouses in the French Quarter, with their courtyards and carriageways, are thought by some scholars to be related on a small scale to certain Parisian "hotels" - princely urban residences of the 17th and 18th centuries. Visitors particularly remember the decorative cast-iron balconies that cover many of these townhouses like ornamental filigree cages.

European influence is also seen in the city's famous above-ground cemeteries. The practice of interring people in large, richly adorned aboveground tombs dates from the period when New Orleans was under Spanish rule. These hugely popular "cities of the dead" have been and continue to be an item of great interest to visitors. Mark Twain, noting that New Orleanians did not have conventional below-ground burials, quipped that "few of the living complain and none of the other."

French Quarter Balcony

One of the truly amazing aspects of New Orleans architecture is the sheer number of historic homes and buildings per square mile. Orleanians never seem to replace anything. Consider this: Uptown, the City's largest historic district, has almost 11,000 buildings, 82 percent of which were built before 1935 - truly a "time warp."

The spine of Uptown, and much of New Orleans, is the city's grand residential showcase, St. Charles Avenue, which the novel A Confederacy of Dunces aptly describes: "The ancient oaks of St. Charles Avenue arched over the avenue like a canopy...St. Charles Avenue must be the loveliest place in the world. From time to time...passed the slowing rocking streetcars that seemed to be leisurely moving toward no special designations, following their route through the old mansions on either side...everything looked so calm, so prosperous."

The streetcars in question, the St. Charles Avenue line, represent the nation's only surviving historic streetcar system. All of its electric cars were manufactured by the Perley Thomas Company between 1922 and 1924 and are still in use. Hurricane Katrina flood waters caused severe damage to the steel tracks along the entire uptown and Carrollton route and had to be totally replaced and re-electrified. The cars themselves survived and are included in the National Register of Historic Places. New Orleanians revere them as a national treasure.

Unique Housing for a Unique City 

Creole cottages and shotgun houses dominate the scene in many New Orleans neighborhoods. Both have a murky ancestry. The Creole cottage, two rooms wide and two or more deep under a generous pitched roof with a front overhang or gallery, is thought to have evolved from various European and Caribbean forms.

The shotgun house is one room wide and two, three or four rooms deep, under a continuous gable roof. As legend has it, the name was suggested by the fact that because the rooms and doors line up, one can fire a shotgun through the house without hitting anything.

French Quarter Balcony 2 250x250

Some scholars have suggested that shotguns evolved from ancient African "long-houses," built here by refugees from the Haitian Revolution, but no one really knows.

It is true that shotguns represent a distinctively Southern house type. They are also found in the form of plantation quarters houses. Unlike shotgun houses in much of the South, which are fairly plain, New Orleans shotguns fairly bristle with Victorian jigsaw ornament, especially prominent, florid brackets. Indeed, in many ways, New Orleans shotguns are as much a signature of the city as the French Quarter.

New Orleans' architectural character is unlike that of any other American city. A delight to both natives and visitors, it presents such a variety that even after many years of study, one can still find things unique and undiscovered.

This material may be reproduced for editorial purposes of promoting New Orleans. Please attribute stories to New Orleans Metropolitan Convention and Visitors Bureau. 2020 St. Charles Avenue, New Orleans, LA 70130 504-566-5019. http://www.neworleanscvb.com/.