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2016 LikeMinded…

Dec 6 - 6, 2016
The Holidays are here! Join us for our Tuesday, December 6 Holiday Soiree at… more

Art is the Driving…

Dec 6 - 30, 2016
Art has a power that reaches beyond personal visual expression. This exhibition… more

Bounce Ya Brass

Dec 6 - 27, 2016
BOUNCE YA BRASS takes signature NOLA bounce moves and teaches them in an… more

Celebration in the…

Dec 06, 2016 - Jan 01, 2017
City Park's annual holiday lighting exhibit and festival returns with one of… more

Christmas New Orleans…

Dec 6 - 31, 2016
There's no place like New Orleans for the holidays during Christmas New Orleans… more

Christmas New Orleans…

Dec 6 - 6, 2016
French Quarter Festivals, Inc. (FQFI) proudly presents the free Christmas New… more

Christmas with…

Dec 6 - 6, 2016
The Krewe du Voix Chamber Choir, New Orleans newest a cappella vocal ensemble,… more

Clarence John…

Dec 06, 2016 - Mar 25, 2017
A Louisiana native, Clarence John Laughlin (1905 - 1985) ranks among the most… more

David Hansen's Garden…

Dec 06, 2016
Since 2006, Hansen's Garden District Jazz Trio has performed every night at… more

Exhibition to feature…

Dec 06, 2016 - Mar 25, 2017
 The Historic New Orleans Collection will open its next exhibition,… more

Historic New Orleans…

Dec 06, 2016 - Apr 09, 2017
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Holiday Home and…

Dec 6 - 31, 2016
Just in time for the holiday season, The Historic New Orleans Collection will… more

Jonathan Weiss Dark…

Dec 6 - 31, 2016
Tour company Jonathan Weiss Tours will donate 15% of proceeds during the month… more

Kulturabend: German…

Dec 6 - 6, 2016
Brigitta Malm and Rose Mancini will present various aspects of German Christmas… more

Miracle on Fulton…

Dec 6 - 24, 2016
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Napoléon: General.…

Dec 06, 2016 - Jan 07, 2017
M.S. Rau Antiques will host a comprehensive exhibition Napoléon:… more

Newcomb Art Museum -…

Dec 6 - 30, 2016
Featuring work by nine women artists from the island continent, this exhibition… more

Singer/Songerwriter…

Dec 06, 2016 - Jan 06, 2026
In The Voodoo Garden, All Ages. House of Blues New Orleans hosts a new weekly… more

Winn-Dixie presents…

Dec 6 - 6, 2016
Meet New Orleans Saints players, mascots and Saintsations while helping feed… more

Ashe Cultural Arts…

Dec 7 - 7, 2016
"The Origin of Life on Earth: An African Creation Myth" that tells… more

2016 LikeMinded…

Dec 6 - 6, 2016
The Holidays are here! Join us for our Tuesday, December 6 Holiday Soiree at… more

New Orleans History

History

The history of New Orleans reads like a fantastic novel. Here are a few of the highlights to help you better understand the historical dynamics that have shaped this utterly unique city.

French Founders: 1718

In 1718, the Frenchman Sieur de Bienville founded a strategic port city five feet below sea level, near the juncture of the Mississippi and the Gulf of Mexico. The new city, or ville, was named La nouvelle Orleans for Philippe, Duc d'Orleans, and centered around the Place d'Armes (later to be known as Jackson Square). The original city was confined to the area we now call the French Quarter or Vieux Carre (Old Square).

Spanish Rule: 1762-1801

In 1762, either because he lost a bet or because the royal coffers were exhausted, Louis XV gave Louisiana to his Spanish cousin, King Charles III. Spanish rule was relatively short -- lasting until 1801 -- but Spain would leave a lasting imprint on the city.

In 1788, the city went up in flames, incinerating over 800 buildings. New Orleans was still recovering when a second fire in 1794 destroyed 200 structures. One of the only French structures to survive these fires is the Old Ursuline Convent (1100 Chartres). Completed in 1752, it is the oldest building in the Mississippi River Valley. This means that most of the buildings you see in the French Quarter were actually constructed by the Spanish and feature distinctly Spanish architectural elements.

Louisiana Purchase: 1803

In 1801 Louisiana ceded back to France, but only two years later Napoleon sold the territory to the United States in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, effectively doubling the size of the U.S.A. At a cost of only $15 million, it was considered one of the greatest real estate bargains in history.

The American Sector and Haitian Immigration

After the Louisiana Purchase, Americans arrived en masse as did European immigrants from Germany, Ireland and Sicily.

Tension existed between the European Creoles concentrated in the French Quarter and the new American residents. As a result, the Americans settled across Canal Street in what was known then as the American Sector, known today as The Central Business District. The two factions skirmished often, and the Canal Street median became a neutral area where the two groups could come together to do business without invading the other's territory. Ever since, all city medians have been called neutral grounds.

And the Haitian Revolution of 1804 meant that for years to come thousands of Afro-Caribbean descent would come to call New Orleans home. These immigrants further diversified the population of New Orleans and made colorful contributions to the city's culture.

The War of 1812 and The Battle of New Orleans

The war of 1812 culminated in the Battle of New Orleans three years after the war began. In January of 1815, 8,000 British troops were poised to attack and overtake the City of New Orleans. The American forces lead by General Andrew Jackson were grossly outnumbered. Due to the circumstances an unusual union formed - the notorious pirate Jean Lafitte and his men joined the American forces to defend New Orleans. On January 8, a polyglot band of 4,000 militia, frontiersmen, former Haitian slaves and Lafitte's pirates defeated the British at  Chalmette Battlefield, just a few miles east of the French Quarter. The battlefield remains a place worthy of a visit.

The New Paris

By the mid-1800s, the city in the bend of the river became the fourth largest in the U.S. and one of the richest, dazzling visitors with chic Parisian couture, fabulous restaurants and sophisticated culture.

Society centered around the French Opera House, where professional opera and theatre companies played to full houses. In fact, opera was performed in New Orleans seven years before the Louisiana Purchase, and more than 400 operas premiered in the Crescent City during the l9th century.

A Cultural Gumbo

Under French, Spanish and American flags, Creole society coalesced as Islanders, West Africans, slaves, free people of color and indentured servants poured into the city along with a mix of French and Spanish aristocrats, merchants, farmers, soldiers, freed prisoners and nuns.

New Orleans was, for its time, a permissive society that resulted an intermingling of peoples unseen in other communities, and it is New Orleans' diverse heritage that is the driving force behind this unique and exotic city. The contributions of Africans, Caribbean peoples, the French, Spanish, Germans, Irish, Sicilians and more created a society unlike any other.

Over the years New Orleans has had a powerful influence on American and global culture. Our cuisine is known across the world and rock and roll was born from the sounds of our sultry jazz. Literary giants from Tennessee Williams to William Faulkner have flocked to the city for inspiration. Our food, music and cultural practices will capture your imagination and your heart. Diversity, creativity and celebration are at the core of the New Orleans way of life. All are welcome - the more ingredients, the more we can feed.

For more information on New Orleans history visit one of our many museums or take a tour with one of our knowledgeable guides.