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Upcoming Events

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“Awash with Color:…

Feb 11 - May 21, 2016
Join us at the Historic New Orleans Collection for the new exhibition… more

18th Annual Dr.…

Feb 11 - Mar 31, 2016
Join us for the opening reception for the 18th Annual Dr. Martin Luther King… more

After-Party ft. Glen…

Feb 11 - 11, 2016

Crescent City…

Feb 11 - 11, 2016
Enjoy Live Music! more

David Hansen's Garden…

Feb 11, 2016
Since 2006, Hansen's Garden District Jazz Trio has performed every night at… more

Food Truck…

Feb 11 - 11, 2016

Heart of the House

Feb 11, 2016 - Jan 08, 2026
In The Voodoo Garden, All Ages. Heart of the House puts the spotlight on House… more

Ogden After Hours…

Feb 11 - 11, 2016
Join us for Jazz-based cellist, singer, composer, and improviser Helen Gillet.… more

Patriot, Planter,…

Feb 11 - Mar 20, 2016
NOMA will present the first exhibition to focus on the works of Pierre-Joseph… more

The Foundation…

Feb 11 - 28, 2016
*Opening Reception: January 15, 2016 - 6pm-10pm The Foundation Gallery will be… more

The Historic New…

Feb 11 - May 7, 2016
In commemoration of the 100th anniversary of World War I, The Historic New… more

The Music of the…

Feb 11 - 13, 2016
The Rolling Stones are one of the most iconic bands of the last 50 years. Their… more

The Photography of…

Feb 11 - Mar 1, 2016
The Photography of Modernist Cuisine: The Exhibition, a collection of over 50… more

Tim Youd: 100 Novels

Feb 11 - 21, 2016
Los Angeles-based contemporary artist Tim Youd will visit NOMA to perform the… more

Tom Hook

Feb 11 - 25, 2016
TOM HOOK- SOLO at the Fountain Lounge in the Roosevelt Hotel more

After Party ft Johnny…

Feb 12 - 12, 2016

Amanda Ducorbier

Feb 12 - 27, 2016
AMANDA DUCORBIER - TRIO at the Fountain Lounge in the Roosevelt Hotel more

Antoine Diel at the…

Feb 12 - 26, 2016
ANTOINE DIEL - TRIO at the Fountain Lounge in the Roosevelt Hotel more

Chris Brown…

Feb 12 - 12, 2016
Chris Brown returns to the Smoothie King Center on Feb. 12! for his Valentines… more

Food Truck…

Feb 12 - 13, 2016

“Awash with Color:…

Feb 11 - May 21, 2016
Join us at the Historic New Orleans Collection for the new exhibition… more

New Orleans History

History

The history of New Orleans reads like a fantastic novel. Here are a few of the highlights to help you better understand the historical dynamics that have shaped this utterly unique city.

French Founders: 1718

In 1718, the Frenchman Sieur de Bienville founded a strategic port city five feet below sea level, near the juncture of the Mississippi and the Gulf of Mexico. The new city, or ville, was named La nouvelle Orleans for Philippe, Duc d'Orleans, and centered around the Place d'Armes (later to be known as Jackson Square). The original city was confined to the area we now call the French Quarter or Vieux Carre (Old Square).

Spanish Rule: 1762-1801

In 1762, either because he lost a bet or because the royal coffers were exhausted, Louis XV gave Louisiana to his Spanish cousin, King Charles III. Spanish rule was relatively short -- lasting until 1801 -- but Spain would leave a lasting imprint on the city.

In 1788, the city went up in flames, incinerating over 800 buildings. New Orleans was still recovering when a second fire in 1794 destroyed 200 structures. One of the only French structures to survive these fires is the Old Ursuline Convent (1100 Chartres). Completed in 1752, it is the oldest building in the Mississippi River Valley. This means that most of the buildings you see in the French Quarter were actually constructed by the Spanish and feature distinctly Spanish architectural elements.

Louisiana Purchase: 1803

In 1801 Louisiana ceded back to France, but only two years later Napoleon sold the territory to the United States in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, effectively doubling the size of the U.S.A. At a cost of only $15 million, it was considered one of the greatest real estate bargains in history.

The American Sector and Haitian Immigration

After the Louisiana Purchase, Americans arrived en masse as did European immigrants from Germany, Ireland and Sicily.

Tension existed between the European Creoles concentrated in the French Quarter and the new American residents. As a result, the Americans settled across Canal Street in what was known then as the American Sector, known today as The Central Business District. The two factions skirmished often, and the Canal Street median became a neutral area where the two groups could come together to do business without invading the other's territory. Ever since, all city medians have been called neutral grounds.

And the Haitian Revolution of 1804 meant that for years to come thousands of Afro-Caribbean descent would come to call New Orleans home. These immigrants further diversified the population of New Orleans and made colorful contributions to the city's culture.

The War of 1812 and The Battle of New Orleans

The war of 1812 culminated in the Battle of New Orleans three years after the war began. In January of 1815, 8,000 British troops were poised to attack and overtake the City of New Orleans. The American forces lead by General Andrew Jackson were grossly outnumbered. Due to the circumstances an unusual union formed - the notorious pirate Jean Lafitte and his men joined the American forces to defend New Orleans. On January 8, a polyglot band of 4,000 militia, frontiersmen, former Haitian slaves and Lafitte's pirates defeated the British at  Chalmette Battlefield, just a few miles east of the French Quarter. The battlefield remains a place worthy of a visit.

The New Paris

By the mid-1800s, the city in the bend of the river became the fourth largest in the U.S. and one of the richest, dazzling visitors with chic Parisian couture, fabulous restaurants and sophisticated culture.

Society centered around the French Opera House, where professional opera and theatre companies played to full houses. In fact, opera was performed in New Orleans seven years before the Louisiana Purchase, and more than 400 operas premiered in the Crescent City during the l9th century.

A Cultural Gumbo

Under French, Spanish and American flags, Creole society coalesced as Islanders, West Africans, slaves, free people of color and indentured servants poured into the city along with a mix of French and Spanish aristocrats, merchants, farmers, soldiers, freed prisoners and nuns.

New Orleans was, for its time, a permissive society that resulted an intermingling of peoples unseen in other communities, and it is New Orleans' diverse heritage that is the driving force behind this unique and exotic city. The contributions of Africans, Caribbean peoples, the French, Spanish, Germans, Irish, Sicilians and more created a society unlike any other.

Over the years New Orleans has had a powerful influence on American and global culture. Our cuisine is known across the world and rock and roll was born from the sounds of our sultry jazz. Literary giants from Tennessee Williams to William Faulkner have flocked to the city for inspiration. Our food, music and cultural practices will capture your imagination and your heart. Diversity, creativity and celebration are at the core of the New Orleans way of life. All are welcome - the more ingredients, the more we can feed.

For more information on New Orleans history visit one of our many museums or take a tour with one of our knowledgeable guides.